The dependency on the private car needs to be reduced if cities are to achieve cleaner and better transport.
This thematic group looks at measures and innovative solutions which seek to make more sustainable use of the car through car pooling (1), car sharing (2) and public bicycles/bike sharing (3). The thematic group also focuses on two relevant general areas for sustainable urban mobility: walking and cycling.
Car pooling involves sharing rides among two or more travellers in the same vehicle headed for the same destination. It can be facilitated by organised “matching” services.
Car sharing, on the other hand, involves sharing cars among a group of people that do not necessarily need a car on a daily basis. It is usually based on a membership arrangement with the vehicle parked nearby and can avert purchases of second cars. Sharing vehicles has several benefits. For travellers, it saves money, for employers, it reduces the need for on-site parking, and then there are the obvious benefits that come with fewer cars on the road.
Through- out the world, it has been shown that bike-sharing systems can kickstart a cycling culture in cities where cycling was previously a curiosity or leisure activity. Such systems offer a new way to cycle in the city and encourage citizens to make more use of their own bikes