This document is prepared as input and discussion document for the first discussion topic for the thematic group “Demand Management Strategies”. Basically CiViTAS defines three key themes:
- Access management and road pricing
- Parking management / pricing
- Walking and Cycling enhancement services
The CiViTaS website offers numerous best practices related to these three topics. We selected a first topic based on a number of criteria (relevancy, urgency, possibility to create synergy with other CiViTAS themes, cros-cultural aspects and a number of practical criteria). Future criteria can be added based on input from thematic group members.
For the first discussion topic we focus on: “the walking and cycling enhancement services”. Cycling is hot and the European Union suggests that cycling should be an integral part of urban mobility policies. The bicycle is considered an alternative to the car for trips less than 5 km and almost half of the trips are under 5 km. One trend that is obviously going on in relation to cycling is electrification of the bicycle, or the introduction of the pedelec. This also makes the bicycle an alternative to cars for longer trips (>15km). A second trend that is related, to this authorities all over Europe are investing in Super Cycle Highways (SCH). Although the definition of SCH’s differ per country (of project), all SCH’s are bike routes where the needs of the cyclist are given priority.
For the first CiViTAS discussion theme we want to focus on different aspects of Super Cycle Highways. First we introduce three cases: The London Case (Section 2), The Copenhagen Case (Section 3) and the Dutch Case (Section 4). The cases give a short (2-3 pages) introduction into different Super Cycle Highway practices in different countries. In the final section, Section 5, we introduce a first list of discussion topics related to the Super Cycle Highways.